Clifton Hill got its name from Captain Ogden Crieghton (a British Army officer) who named the settlement “Clifton” after a town in England, but it wasn’t until 1812 that Niagara Falls and Clifton Hill became known as a tourist attraction.
By the 1820’s there were three hotels, the most popular being the Clifton House which was located at the foot of Clifton Hill where Oakes Garden Theatre is now.
Two of today’s popular tourist attractions, the Maid of the Mist, and Journey Behind the Falls were developed between the 1820’s and 1850’s.
Journey Behind the Falls was inspired by a group of daring individuals who climbed down the side of the gorge around Table Rock until they eventually found a 150 foot passageway where they could walk behind the Falls. In the 1820’s a prominent attraction was created around this experience; an attraction that still attracts thousands of tourists each year.
And, did you know that the famous Maid of the Mist has been coasting upriver since 1848? For over 150 years, people have been enjoying the unique, yet safe experience of boating close to the Falls. It’s truly amazing!
Plus, with the hotels, attractions and thousands of tourists came the stuntmen and daredevils who risked life and limbs to challenge the Falls.
The first was on September 8th, 1827, when a crowd of 10,000 spectators watched as an old 16 ft schooner went over the Falls. And since then over 80 others have tried to conquer the mighty Niagara Falls.
Most survived yet some perished, like Steve Peer whose dead body was found on the bank of the Niagara River below his wire cable on June 25th 1887, Captain Web who tried to swim the great whirlpool rapids and Maude Willard who suffocated in her barrel when it got lodged. And, who could forget the famous Charles Stephens the first of the barrel stuntmen to die challenging the Falls.
Niagara Falls and Clifton Hill have a fascinating history. To learn even more choose some of the following links, where you read about Niagara Falls's heritage, Niagara daredevils and much, much more.